Marijuana seed is cultivated by two sources: clones or seeds. Seedlings bring genetic data that can be expressed in multiple different variations from the two-parent plant species, a few of those just like its mother, the other are just like its father, and a lot presenting different characteristics from both parents. Commercial marijuana producers will generally plant many single strain seeds and then choose the best one. We would then select clones from such a particular plant for mass production to get appropriate genetics.
But it may be easier for the standard home cultivator to acquire seed instead of clones. Developing from being a seed can generate more solid-genetic and stronger crops.
What is Marijuana Seed?
Marijuana may be female or male — also known as “dioecious”—but only females develop the buds we all know and care about. However, a male plant will pollinate the flowers of the female plant for reproduction, and after that, the female plant develops seeds.
When the marijuana seeds are grown, the female crop begins to deteriorate, and the seed either is fell to the ground which either germinates and develops into a new marijuana plant next spring or harvested to be refined into food items, seed oil, or sown to be the next batch of plants.
To have the buds that you find in recreational and medical stores, the female marijuana crop develops in an environment with no male plants or a male detached from the growing space prior to the release of pollens, so the female plants won’t make seeds. This marijuana high-potency is usually known to be “sinsemilla,” which means seedless.
Other kinds of marijuana can generate male parts beside female flowers with the same crop, especially when they are exposed to an environment that makes them stress. These crops are well-known as hermaphrodites, which sometimes pollinate themselves to make seeds.
What are Feminized Seeds?
Feminized marijuana seeds will only generate female crops for having buds, thus there’s no need to detach the male or getting anxious about the crop be pollinated. Feminized seeds made by the hermaphrodite or monoecious condition of female marijuana plants. As a result, the seeds are close identical to its self-pollinated or called as a selfed female parent, due to is only a set of a trait that is present.
It is sometimes known as the “cloning by seed” and won’t generate male crops. This is completed by several methods:
- The plants are sprayed using the solution of colloidal silver
- Using a rodelization method, on which the female plants are being pushed to finish maturing which can pollinate other female plants.
- Spraying the seeds with gibberellic acid, genetics that causes germination. Thought this method is not common.
Sevele growers won’t use feminized marijuana seeds because they only have a single set of genetic, and shouldn’t be used for breeding.
What are Autoflower Marijuana Seeds?
Most marijuana plants start to flower whenever the amount of light and they are revealed to is reduced to around 12 hours each day. This imitates the sun setting in the sky, as when the autumn season turns.
Even so, a plant species called marijuana ruderalis, which also established in extreme northern situations with no much sunlight, will start flowering when the plant gets a bit older — they start flowering automatically regardless of how much light they obtain, thus the term “autoflower.”
Some growers cross-bred the ruderalis with low-THC with more active strains to establish autoflower strains which begin to bloom as soon as they grow. These could be easier to manage which can be particularly good in northern climates in which summers are cold and short, early in the fall comes wet weather.
Autoflower strains could begin in earnest spring and will floral mostly during the longest summer days to take benefit of the highest available quality light. Growers will fit over the course of a normal harvest in multiple autoflower harvests. But one drawback: Autoflower strains were also known to be a little less potent.
What Makes Marijuana Seed High Quality?
Genetics is the most important factor in seed quality — you need good genetics to grow marijuana of a quality. Some of the less scrupulous growers will plainly cross with a random male a pretty female and sell the generally results in seeds. A successful breeder should take some time to backcross and cross crops in order to maintain the most desired qualities while also growing a number of different phenotypes.
Seeds should also be permitted to ripen fully before harvesting. They must also be stored properly so that they do not acquire a mold cavity or other pathogens that can spoil them. Seeds need to be stored in a cold, dark place and used for the future within the 16 months, or preserved.
Really devoted growers had also done work for years to build IBLs, or inbreds, with very little significant difference in plant production. On the market, IBLs make up a small fraction of marijuana seeds, as they are usually used by growers rather than producers.
High-CBD cannabis seeds?
CBD or cannabidiol is among the chemical composition found in the marijuana plants-commonly known as cannabinoids. Much was made recently about the possible benefits of CBD in the treatment of the effects of several diseases and disorders. Over the years, growers had also chosen high-THC content plants, creating marijuana with high CBD levels. The genetic mechanisms by which the plant synthesizes THC vary from those used to generate CBD.
For other features, including a low THC content, cannabis used for hemp production has been selected to comply with the 2018 Farm Bill. A lot of hemp varieties, therefore, produce significant amounts of CBD. As involvement in CBD has developed as a medicine, many growers are now going to pass marijuana high-CBD hemp. Such strains have little to no THC, 1:1 CBD and THC ratios or others have high THC content along with large quantities of CBD.
Seeds are now widely available online and via dispensaries for those varieties. However, it should be mentioned that there is no assurance that every plant grown from these seeds will generate high-CBD, as it ends up taking numerous years to develop a seed line that will produce accurate results. A grower seeking to produce marijuana with a certain THC to CBD ratios would need to develop from a clone or seed that has been tested and evaluated.