Novice marijuana gardeners may be new to the whole idea of grafting cannabis. This strong gardening method allows growers to develop different cannabis strains from one mother crop in indoor cannabis plants. It’s a horticultural method done by veteran cannabis cultivators throughout time. Despite its widespread origins, this procedure isn’t popular among many marijuana communities.
Reports indicate that the process of grafting plants dates back to 4,000 years. The Ancient Chinese and Mesopotamians were said to be the first groups of people to graft plants. On this page, we’ll give you the information you seek for grafting marijuana strains. We’ll also discover if it’s possible to graft the best indoor cannabis strains.
What is Grafting Marijuana?
Grafting is an asexual process of breeding plants. This technique isn’t limited to marijuana strains but farmers also use this technique for cultivating certain vegetables like tomatoes. It involves removing the upper portion of one plant and attaching it to another. The plant with the upper part taken is named as scion whereas the other crop where growers stick it to is the rootstock.
This technique allows plants to maintain all characteristics from both strains. It’s similar to cloning because the new plant preserves all the traits from the mother strain. Marijuana gardeners who opt to graft their crops find it helpful for strains that struggle to firmly take root. With the help of grafting, growers build a strong root system. Furthermore, it preserves the life of the scion which may be a difficult endeavor when trying certain cannabis cultivating techniques like cloning.
You can graft most woody cannabis plants. Despite existing in the world of marijuana for centuries, grafting is still known as a complicated process. It’s labor-intensive, and it tends to require an intermediate level of horticultural knowledge and understanding at the very least. Novice marijuana developers may find it an even more challenging task than experienced gardeners. Hence, it’s best to gain a suitable amount of experience first before attempting this breeding technique.
What are the Benefits of Grafting Marijuana Plants?
There is numerous advantages attainable from grafting cannabis crops. Some of these incentives include the following:
Less Space Consumed With More Variety
Before you attempt to do any grafting, ensure your scions are well-suited with your rootstocks. Once there’s definite compatibility, you can begin to grow multiple varieties of the same strain. Creating different types of strains is good for many cannabis consumers and especially for retailers. Marijuana sellers can give different kinds of traits for the same strain to their buyers.
Also, since there are lots of variety made with this breeding exercise, marijuana gardeners working with limited space can make the most out of their growing location. Instead of wanting to bunch many crops into a tight space, all you have to do is grow multiple variations of the same strain in smaller places.
Most cannabis crops are self-pollinating unless your harvest has hermaphrodites. Since marijuana strains are self-pollinating, it means the female plant needs the pollen of a nearby male plant to formulate seeds. When space is concerned, growers find it difficult to grow cannabis strains within an effective range of each other.
However, if a female rootstock gets apart from a male scion through the process of grafting, breeders can assure correct pollination without the worry of pollen loss. Even if growers are processing with a limited amount of space, growers can ensure perfect pollination for all female plants in their growing location.
Heal Damaged Roots
Marijuana plants are no exceptions to the harsh realities of indoor and outdoor environments. Pests, weather conditions, and illness may seriously affect your strains, especially its roots. One great way to recover the harm done is to plant seedlings around the damaged area. Graft the roots to the older plant right above its injuries to start the healing process.
Create and Test New Strains
If you want to create new hybrids, then grafting is a great way of accomplishing that goal. Since you can produce numerous strains in a single growing location, you can experiment by connecting scions to different rootstocks. Some growers suggest grafting over cloning since the latter tends to require more knowledge and acquiring of growing marijuana plants than to the former.
Creating and experimenting with strains simply require growers to take a clone or seedling and then graft it to a rootstock. Starting here, you can continue to do regular cultivation methods to the “new” strain until harvest time. Decide if you want to combine the plant to your garden for good if you deem it a suitable selection as part of your regular plant.
Grafting the Best Indoor Cannabis Strains
With plenty of indoor cannabis strains to select from, there are some buds that rise up from the rest. Strains like Critical, Royal Cookies, and Amnesia Haze are quite popular in some marijuana communities. These plants can produce a suitable amount of yields in indoor environments.
Indoor grafting is a probability since the main requirement of this breeding technique is for scions to fit with their rootstocks. Just ensure that the developing area has a suitable material to help in the production of a healthy harvest.
How to Pick the Right Strains to Graft?
As stated in a previous section, grafting marijuana strains may require a suitable level of experience, knowledge, and understanding of developing cannabis. Take note that not all cannabis strains are fully compatible with each other. Still, it’s not much of a problem since all cannabis varieties fall under the same plant relative. Growers can graft different strains together but there are crops that are fit together than with other buds.
There is one thing to keep in mind when grafting marijuana strains together – flowering times. It’s important to graft cannabis plants with the same bloom periods. Randomly grafting marijuana plants together without seeing their flowering dates might induce additional tasks to growers. For instance, it can bring about nutrient deficiencies for both strains.
Create the Right Environment for Grafting Marijuana Plants
Just like traditional marijuana growing, grafting needed the right procedure for your plants to grow the way you want. If you think about it, to graft one plant to another isn’t exactly what many would call a “natural” way of cultivating cannabis. Therefore, you need to ensure your grow room is suited to meet the perfect conditions for your new yet fragile strains.
To start, you need to ensure your grow lights are running on a 24/7 clock. Your lighting fixtures should be on non-stop until there’s new vegetative growth coming out of your Scion. Once you see the formation of new stalks, stems, or leaves, you can then begin to bring the intensity of your lights down to more preferable settings.
Keep in mind you’re not limited to one scion connected to one rootstock if you’re planning to graft different strains together. Take for instance a tree developed by artist Sam Van Aken as the plant bears 40 different kinds of fruit. Just remember that fragility of the strains when grafting the better indoor cannabis strains together. Ensure that your cannabis plants are always kept healthy during the entire development for you to enjoy an optimal number of yields when harvest comes.